UPH-IR Conference 2020
The Indo-Pacific region refers to the countries and tropical waters in between Indian Ocean and Pacific Ocean. It is made up of important global maritime trade routes, rich marine biodiversity, and blue economy potentials. Historically, the interconnection, exchanges, and acculturation between the peoples and polities in this region have taken place for centuries. In the recent decade, the region has gained new significance as the major actors in this region have defined their strategic interests and actions within the context of Indo-Pacific. China establishes the maritime leg of its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) which requires the interconnection between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. It claims de facto control of South China Sea, which is part of Central Indo Pacific, to secure and assert influence over the Malacca Strait on to the Indian Ocean and then reaching out to the Middle East and ultimately Europe.
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